Judo is a Japanese martial arts developed by Kano Jigoro that involve mainly
1) throwing technique,
2) grappling technique,
3) striking techniques.
The martial arts philosophy involves adjusting to and evading your opponent attack to make your opponent to lose his balance in order to defeat him regardless of his size and strength.
(Principle behind judo is to defeat the strong opponent by evading his assault to unsettle his stance and thus taking the chance to overcome your opponent)
Sensei Jigoro Kano, started practicing Jujitsu martial arts for self defence at age 17 as he was often bullied due to his small size. He studied the Kito and the Tenshin-Shinyo, excel in the martial arts and went on to expand on their principles. While studying Jujitsu, Sensei Kano began developing his own techniques, with the idea of reforming the art in that beside for self defence, development of body, mind and character is as equally important, and he believed the techniques should be based on scientific principles. He believes that irregardless of your opponent size, you could overcome a bigger and stronger opponent than you by through these scientific principles and thus the Judo philosophy was developed. In 1882, Sensei Kano setup his martial arts school, the Kodokan, at the Eishoji Temple.
It is a great self defense activity to get fit as it involves overcoming your opponent irregardless of his size. This means you must practice with as many people of various size and strengths to adapt to their defence and attack.
A Judoka (judo practitioner) must first learn to break falls before practicing the throwing technique to ensure he does not injured himself during the throw.
The break fall practice includes
1) Rear break fall
2) Side break fall
3) Front break fall and,
4) Rolling break fall
Judo is very much like a social sport. You get to practice with your opponent which is your friends, get to make friends and learn to respect your opponent when you practice with your opponent. Mentally, Judo is similar to a game of chess. Your opponent and you may know all of the moves with each of you trying out all your skill to unbalance the other party to in position for executing a throw.
If you are keen on learning Judo, we offer the following:
Throwing Techniques (Nage Waza)
Tori (taker or person performing the throw) attempts to throw or trip Uke(receiver or person being thrown) by
1) Breaking the Uke balance (Kuzushi)
2) Turning and fitting the Uke into the throw (Tsukuri)
3) Execution and completing the throw (Kake)
Throws can be performed by either
1) Standing techniques (know as Tachi Waza) where thrower maintain an upright posture.
2) or Sacrifice techniques (know as Sutemi Waza) where thrower counter by sacrificing his upright posture to execute the throw.
Standing techniques can again be sub divided into which the thrower
1) uses the arm to throw (Hand techniques or Te Waza)
2) uses the hip to throw (Hip techniques or Koshi Waza)
3) uses the leg to throw (Leg techniques or Ashi Waza)
Sacrifice techniques can again be sub divided into which the thrower
1) roll down on his back and execute the throw over him (rear sacrifice techniques Ma Sutemi Waza)
2) roll down to his side and execute the throw sideway (side sacrifice techniques Yoko Sutemi Waza)
Standing Techniques Sacrifice Techniques
Hand Hip Leg Rear Side
Grappling Techniques (Katame Waza)
The 3 grappling techniques are
1) Holding techniques (Osaekomi Waza) where tori traps and pins uke on his back to the floor,
2) Strangulation techniques (Shime Waza) where tori force uke to submit by strangling, and
3) Joint technique (Kansetsu Waza) where tori force submission from painful manipulation of uke joints
Striking techniques (Atemi Waza)
Tori strike vital point of uke to disable him. Striking techniques are strictly practice only on forms (Kata) and not allowed on free practice (Randori).